Adoption of sanctions
How sanctions are issued.
Procedures for adoption of sanctions
Sanctions are often initiated through the adoption of a UN resolution, typically against a country that violates international agreements. On the basis of this resolution, the EU then adopts a Council Decision, which reflects the contents of the resolution. The Council Decision is implemented in a Council Regulation, which applies directly as legislation governing all citizens, groups and legal entities in the EU. If elements of a UN resolution are not implemented in a Council Regulation the elements omitted will be enforced through the administration of authorities. This applies, for instance, to arms embargoes.
The EU may also itself choose to issue sanctions apart from the UN, the so-called autonomous sanctions, against a country. This also takes place in the shape of a Council Decision and subsequent a Council Regulation. This is, for instance, the case with the sanctions against Syria.