It is the responsibility of the exporter to make sure that the dual-use product or technology they intent to export will not be used in connection with weapons of mass destruction, military use in countries subject to an arms embargo, violation of human rights, and other unwanted purposes.
It is the exporter's own responsibility to investigate whether the export of a given product or technology is subject to export control. However, the relevant authorities can provide guidance.
Exporters should, in particular, investigate whether a specific item or technology is subject to export control rules. Moreover, it should be thoroughly investigated who the customer is and what they intent to use the product or technology for. In case of unusual circumstances relating to the customer or doubts as to the intented application of the product, the authorities should be contacted for advice.
Consequences of violating the export control legislation
It may prove expensive, both financially and in terms of reputation, to carry through an export to a critical customer.
Non-compliance with the export authorisation requirements may involve criminal liability in the form of a fine or imprisonment of up to two years or eight years in aggravating circumstances, cf. Danish Business Authority Executive Order No. 635 of 9 June 2011 on exports of dual-use items and technologies.